Modern electrical motors are available in many different forms, such as single phase motors, three-phase motors, brake motors, synchronous motors, asynchronous motors, special customised motors, two speed motors, three speed motors, and so on, all with their own performance and characteristics.
Electric motors make things go. Better motors mean better go power. What constitutes “better” and what to do about it, is the subject of a great deal of investigation. Better motors generally mean 2 things, higher efficiency and greater torque produced for a given amount of input power.
The windings are connected in star(Y)-connection or in delta(Δ)-connection according to IEC 60034-8. This is done by wiring the terminal board as shown in the wiring diagram to the right. The marking of the terminal board is also defined in IEC 60034-8.
We have seen previously that when a DC current pass through a long straight conductor a magnetising force, H and a static magnetic field, B is developed around the wire. If the wire is then wound into a coil, the magnetic field is greatly intensified producing a static magnetic field around itself forming the shape of a bar magnet giving a distinct North and South pole.
A complete installation with a frequency converter controlled motor consists of a series of different components which should all be selected carefully for a given application.The components in an installation are selected according to the actual application, starting with selecting the right pump for the application.
Interactive simulation to learn parallel and series circuits